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Techniques

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

 

a well researched, proven, psychotherapeutic approach that aims to influence dysfunctional emotions, behaviours and thoughts. The goal is to help individuals challenge their patterns and beliefs and replace "errors in thinking such as overgeneralizing, magnifying negatives, minimizing positives and catastrophizing" with "more realistic and effective thoughts. This decreases emotional distress and self-defeating behaviour.

Dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT)

 

an evidenced based, comprehensive, cognitive-behavioural treatment for complex, and difficult to treat psychological concerns. The therapy blends problem-solving with acceptance-based strategies, and focuses on the impact of the social environment on our psychological development. DBT emphasizes balancing behavioural change, problem-solving, and emotional regulation with validation, mindfulness, and acceptance.

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)

 

a relatively new psychological approach based on the concept of accepting what is out of your personal control, and committing to action that improves and enriches your life. The aim of ACT is to maximise human potential for a rich, full and meaningful life by; teaching you psychological skills to deal with your painful thoughts and feelings effectively - in such a way that they have much less impact and influence over you and helping you to clarify what is important and meaningful. The goal is to then use that knowledge to guide, inspire and motivate you to change your life for the better. ACT emphasize changes in one's relationship to maladaptive thinking rather than changes in thinking itself.

Schema therapy (ST)

 

is an integrative approach to treatment that combines aspects of cognitive-behavioural, experiential, interpersonal and psychoanalytic therapies. Schema Therapy has shown results in helping people to change long term negative ("maladaptive") patterns. The schemas are enduring and self-defeating patterns that typically begin early in life. These patterns consist of dysfunctional thoughts and feelings, that have been repeated and elaborated upon, and pose obstacles for accomplishing goals.

Interpersonal psychotherapy therapy (IPT)

 

a time-limited psychotherapy for treating depression. The therapy focuses upon improving problematic interpersonal relationships or circumstances that are directly related to the individual's psychological concerns. The goal is to influence mood through interpersonal relationships, targeting factors that predispose, precipitate and perpetuate the mood difficulty.

Mindfulness based cognitive behavioural therapy (MCBT)

 

a psychological therapy that is designed to aid in preventing the relapse of depression. It utilizes traditional Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) methods and adds in newer psychological strategies, like mindfulness and mindful meditation to reduce the chance of relapse.

Positive Psychotherapy (PPT)

 

contrasts with standard interventions for depression by increasing positive emotion, engagement, and meaning rather than directly targeting depressive symptoms. While many other branches of psychology tend to focus on dysfunction and abnormal behaviour, positive psychology is centred on helping people become happier.

Neuropsychotherapy (NPT)

 

uses evidence based neuroscience and neuropsychology to treat cognitive and emotional impairments. It is an integrative approach to therapy whereby understanding the mechanisms of our biology (and in particular our neurology), the processes of our psychology, and the influences of social interaction, informs treatment.